Natural Science


Over the years, UNESCO has assisted the National Man and Biosphere (MAB) Committee to undertake many activities, some of which are:
  • Sharpening the research skills of young scientist in biodiversity conservation through the UNESCO Young Scientists Award. The awards encourage young scientists from developing countries, to use MAB research or project sites and biosphere reserves in their research.
  • Global Change Impact on Bia Biosphere Reserve In Promoting the Sustainable Management and Conservation of Freshwater, Terrestrial Resources and Biodiversity, UNESCO commissioned a study on the ‘Assessment of the Climate Change Impact on the Bia Biosphere Reserve’. The study provided information on the impact of climate change on the Bia Biosphere Reserve and provided a basis for climate change mitigation in Ghana’s Biosphere Reserves and protected areas. This information was exchanged with other reserves in the African Network as well as the World Network to enhance visibility of the Bia Biosphere Reserve and contribute to providing solutions to the emerging problem of climate change.
  • Ecological mapping for new biosphere reserves nomination in Ghana

    UNESCO through the MAB programme has promoted the sustainable management of ecosystems through the concept of biosphere reserve. A National Mapping of ecological sites with a major focus on international trans-boundary and coastal sites was undertaken by the National MAB Committee.

    The main aim of the activity was to conduct an ecological mapping with a focus on trans-boundary and coastal areas in order to identify new potential sites for biospheres reserves

  • Study on Ecological Mapping of the Songor Ramsar Site

    This study was commissioned by the Man and Biosphere (MAB) National Committee as a requirement for the nomination of the Ramsar site to a biosphere reserve.

    In the survey, an inventory of the most significant natural resources was prepared. These were mapped together with the boundaries of the areas under exploitation and protection. Maps of population distribution, soils, geology, ethnicity, land uses and ecology were generated.

    Indicators of ecosystem degradation were then determined. An assessment of community awareness on the need for ecosystem management was done. A stakeholder workshop was also organized for the validation of the initial results.

    The results thereof formed part of a complete dossier sent to UNESCO MAB International Coordination Council which later approved the Songor Ramsar Site for enlistment onto the World List of Biosphere Reserves.

  • Ecological Restoration of Lake Bosomtwe Project

    The project, supported by UNESCO under extra-budgetary funding from the Government of Spain, aimed at enhancing the sustainable management and conservation of Lake Bosomtwe which is rich in aquatic biodiversity of national and global significance, but has become particularly vulnerable due to intense human pressures.

    The Project, among others:
    • Identified and documented sources of water to Lake Bosomtwe and their seasonality.
    • Promoted soil and water conservation and good agricultural practices in the catchments.
    • Promoted alternative sources of livelihood, such as fish farming and agroforestry practices.
    • Developed a comprehensive and long term lake water quality monitoring programme as a tool for water quality management.
    • Promoted and supported the eventual creation of the lake and its catchment as Ghana’s third biosphere reserve.
  • Green Economy in Biosphere Reserves (GEBR) Project This Project, implemented in the Bia Biosphere Reserve is being supported by UNESCO through extra-budgetary funding from the Government of Korea. The project aims at Conserving biodiversity, reducing poverty and contributing to sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa through biodiversity businesses in Biosphere Reserves. The project is being implemented in Bia Biosphere Reserve, Omo Biosphere and East Usambara Biosphere Reserve all in Ghana, Nigeria and Tanzania respectively.
  • Biosphere Reserves

    The biosphere refers to the life zone of the Earth and includes all living organisms.

    Biosphere Reserves are internationally recognized sites nominated by national governments which are of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which promote solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use

    All Biosphere reserves essentially serve three main functions:
    • Conservation - Contribution to conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.
    • Development - Fostering economic and human development which is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable.
    • Logistics - Provision of support for research monitoring and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development.